To find the cosine of a number (in radians), we can use the JavaScript cos() function from the math module.

Math.cos(x)

In JavaScript, we can easily use trigonometric functions with the JavaScript math module. The JavaScript math module allows us to perform trigonometry easily.

With the JavaScript math module, we can find the cosine of a number easily.

To find the cosine of a number, in radians, we use the math cos() function.

Below is the JavaScript syntax to find the cosine of a number.

Math.cos(x)

The input to the cos() function must be a numeric value. The return value will be a numeric value between -1 and 1.

console.log(Math.cos(Math.PI/3))
console.log(Math.cos(0))
console.log(Math.cos(Math.PI/2))

// Output: 
0.5000000000000001
1.0
6.123233995736766e-17

Converting Degrees to Radians for Input into cos()

The cos() function takes a number in radians as input. If your data is in degrees, you will need to convert the values to radians.

To convert degrees to radians, we have to create our own function in JavaScript. Below is a function that will convert degrees to radians.

function degrees_to_radians(degrees) {
  return degrees * (pi/180);
}

If we have a value in degrees, we can use our new function to convert the value to radians and then pass it to the cos() function.

function degrees_to_radians(degrees) {
  return degrees * (Math.PI/180);
}

console.log(Math.cos(degrees_to_radians(60)))
console.log(Math.cos(0))
console.log(Math.cos(degrees_to_radians(90)))

#Output: 
0.5000000000000001
1.0
6.123233995736766e-17

Finding the Inverse Cosine of a Number in JavaScript

The JavaScript math module also provides us trigonometric functions to find the inverses of the common trigonometric functions. The acos() function allows us to find the inverse of the cosine of a number.

Below, we show that if we pass a number to cos() and then call the JavaScript acos() function, we get back the same number.

console.log(Math.acos(Math.cos(Math.PI/3)))
console.log(Math.PI/3)

#Output: 
1.0471975511965976
1.0471975511965976

Finding the Secant of a Number in JavaScript

To find the secant of a number, we can divide 1 by the cosine of the number.

We can find the cosecant of a number easily with the JavaScript cos() function. You can see how to find the secant of a number in the following JavaScript code.

console.log(1/Math.cos(Math.PI/3))

#Output: 
1.9999999999999996

Hopefully this article has been beneficial for you to understand how to use the math cos() function in JavaScript to find the cosine of a number.

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JavaScript,

Last Update: March 20, 2024